Garnet Meaning & History

Most know garnet as a red gemstone gifted to those born in January. But in truth, it’s not always red, and it’s not only for January babies. It can be used for purposes beyond personal adornment. In the United States, most of its locally sourced garnet is utilized for sandblasting and water jet cutting. Put shortly, it’s also an abrasive tool!

So, what is garnet, exactly? What properties does it have and how can it benefit us? At GEMNIA, we're thrilled to explore this amazing gem that our customers adore!

What is Garnet?

The term garnet refers to a group of six silicate minerals that have similar physical properties and formations, but vary in chemical composition.They come in a variety of colors, with red being the most common. Yet, don’t be surprised if you come across green, orange, pink-orange, brown, purplish red, and the rarest of them all, blue! (It was first discovered in 1990!) In fact, there are even color-changing garnets that shift hues depending on the lighting.


Almandine: Red, Brown

Andradite: Green, Yellow, Black

Grossular: Green, Yellow, Red, Pink, Clear

Pyrope: Red to Purple

Spessartine: Orange, Red, Brown, and in-between the three

Uvarovite: Green

Where are Garnets Found?

Garnets are found globally in The United States, Brazil, Russia, India, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania. They are typically discovered in Kimberlites, or volcanic rocks, which are brought to the surface during an eruption. Kimberlites are also known to be a potential source for diamonds!

Garnet Properties & Meaning

Throughout history, garnets have adorned and safeguarded individuals of many cultures. From Celtic and Saxon rulers seeking protection, to Native Americans trusting in its healing properties against poison and injury, to both Muslim and Christian crusaders wearing it into battle. Even during the Middle Ages, the gem was worn around the neck to aid with sore throats and indigestion.

Today, Garnets are associated with the root chakra and are considered to have physical, emotional, and spiritual healing properties. Many believe them to enhance passion, vitality, creativity, and provide protection against negative energy. 


The root chakra rests at the bottom of the spine and is represented by a vibrant red hue. Garnet is thought to balance and energize the root, fostering feelings of safety, strength, and connection to the earth. 



As a gemstone linked to fire, Garnet ignites feelings of passion and is believed to enhance both energy and libido.



As a crystal that’s believed to balance energy, Garnet makes for a powerful talisman in times of crisis by boosting survival instincts and courage. It’s also known to spark feelings of love and confidence, and has long been regarded as a business-savvy stone.



Garnet is believed to offer psychic protection and support self-discovery.

Dainty red garnet bar necklace in gold.


Red Garnet: Love & Strength

Green Garnet: Growth, Renewal, & Prosperity

Orange Garnet: Endurance, Ambition, & Creativity

Purple Garnet: Wisdom & Insight 

Yellow Garnet: Enlightenment

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Small Garnet Necklace in gold or silver

How to Care for Garnets

Garnet is known for its durability, averaging a 6.5 to 7.5 on the Mohs Scale. However, it's not completely indestructible and should be handled with care to prevent scratches. While it's okay to get wet, repeated exposure to water may cause damage over time. As a precaution, it's best to take off garnet before swimming or bathing.

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How to Clean Garnet

Cleanse your stone with a soft brush, mild soap, and lukewarm water. Refrain from using harsh chemicals and avoid steam cleaning, as it may exacerbate any existing cracks in the stone.

Handmade red Garnet bracelet with small round stones. Sterling Silver or 14k Gold Filled.

Extra Facts

Birthstone: January

Zodiac: Aquarius, Capricorn

Anniversary: Second

Chakra: Root

Element: Fire

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